Scientific articles

In this section, Phytovia offers scientific articles or symposia summaries dealing with feed, food, nutrition or plants, that we found interesting.


The importance of a balanced intestinal microbiota for sow

The intestinal microbiota refers to the microorganisms (including between 70-80% of bacteria) that are living in the gastrointestinal tract. It is now considered as an organ itself.

Preserving meat quality with antioxidants

Lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation

An article published by Durand et al. in 2012 provides elements on the oxidation phenomena during the meat transformation process.

Antibiotic resistance in human and animal health

Despite being known since the 60s, antibiotic resistance remains a topic of current interest, with serious consequences (25,000 casualties per year in the EU, and direct and indirect costs estimated around 1.5 billion euros by the Commission).

The controversy between natural and synthetic vitamin E

« The controversy between natural and synthetic vitamin E », MAHAN, 2009

Beneficial effects of plant extracts rich in polyphenols in the prevention of lipoperoxidation in rat

« Beneficial effects of plant extracts rich in polyphenols in the prevention of lipoperoxidation in rat and sheep given n-3 pufa enriched diet », Cécile Gladine, 2006.

« Red blood cells: a good model to measure antioxidant status »

(L’évaluation du stress oxydatif d’un individu : une réalité pour le médecin. Pincemail et al., 1999

RBC: Tool for Oxidant Agents Screening Test. Parisa Sadighara. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2009). 

Investigation on traditional remedy in Brittany, Christophe Auray, Ouest-France éditions (2011)

Christophe Auray (veterinary surgeon) gathered a lot of relevant information on the remedy used to heal men and domestic animals until the beginning of 20th century, when human and veterinary medicines were very close.

The effect of grape extracts on broiler growth

Reference: H. Juin, 2004, INRA 04/HF1/PS/0142

The trial has been performed in October 2004 during three weeks at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA, Le Magnereau) on 180 chickens who received a standard experimental feed (ME: 3050Kcal/Kg; CP: 22%, 20ppm of Vitamin E). 

Effect of saponin containing plants on greenhouse gas emissions from ruminants

Elise de CHASSINCOUR, DESS « Production animale, environnement, Hygiène et Qualité ».

Oxidative stress: modification of antioxidant systems and peroxidation reactions on a dairy cow in PERI-PARTUM.

(Mr Erisir et al.: “Changes in plasma malonedialdehyde concentration and some erythrocyte antioxidiant enzymes in cows with prolapsus uteri, caesarean section, and retained placenta”, veterinary medicinal review, 2006, vol.157, n°2, pp. 80-83.)

Free radicals in livestock’s organism: consequences on reproduction, physiology and quality.

B. AUROUSSEAU. INRA, Research unity on herbivores, Theix, 63122 St Genèse Champanelle

Plants or plants extracts in animal’s supply

What is a plant extract?

(Denis BELLENOT, director of Iteipmai, presentation made during the distributors meeting, February the 9th of 2007, and based on the European Pharmacopoeia). 

Methods for evaluating efficacy of ethnoveterinary medicinal plant

(by LJ Mac Gaw and JN Eloff, edited by D. Katerere and D. Luseba.)

Interdisciplinary science, the veterinary ethno medicine is based on the traditional therapy of animals by medicinal plants. Indeed, saponins, flavonoids and other active molecules contained in the plant extracts demonstrated theirs interests for health and animal productions. 

The « French Paradox » reavaled

(Chalopin M et al, 2009. Estrogen receptor alpha as a key target of red wine polyphenols action on the endothelium, Plos One, janvier 2010, volume 5, issue 1, e8554)

Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the risk of cardiovascular diseases is reduced with a moderate consumption of red wine.

Interest of Aromatherapy in the Control of Antibioresistances

(La Semaine vétérinaire n°1374, 2 octobre 2009, journée de formation de l’Afvac, 12/09/09)

The aromatherapy is based on the use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants for the prevention or the treatment of physical or psychosomatic diseases.

Can stress in farms animal increase food safety risk ?

(review Marcos H. Rostagno, 2009, U.S. Departement of Agriculture, USDA)

The dissemination of bacterial pathogens into the human food chain is a major public health and economic concern for the food industries. 

Pectic Oligosaccharides: Production and Potential Applications

Pectin consists of a complex set of polysaccharides that are present in most primary cell walls of plants. Pectin is particularly abundant in fruits and vegetables. 

Dietary synergy of active elements from the vegetable kingdom

(Lila, 2009. Bibliography study, North Carolina State University, USA)

Plants can produce metabolites in order to assure their defences from external attacks. The active elements in plants sometimes work side by side (additively) to protect the host plant, or in other cases, interact synergistically, increasing the efficacy of each other.