In this section, Phytovia offers scientific articles or symposia summaries dealing with feed, food, nutrition or plants, that we found interesting.
The intestinal microbiota refers to the microorganisms (including between 70-80% of bacteria) that are living in the gastrointestinal tract. It is now considered as an organ itself.
Lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation
An article published by Durand et al. in 2012 provides elements on the oxidation phenomena during the meat transformation process.
« The controversy between natural and synthetic vitamin E », MAHAN, 2009
Beneficial effects of plant extracts rich in polyphenols in the prevention of lipoperoxidation in rat
« Beneficial effects of plant extracts rich in polyphenols in the prevention of lipoperoxidation in rat and sheep given n-3 pufa enriched diet », Cécile Gladine, 2006.
(L’évaluation du stress oxydatif d’un individu : une réalité pour le médecin. Pincemail et al., 1999
RBC: Tool for Oxidant Agents Screening Test. Parisa Sadighara. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2009).
Evaluation of rapeseed meal and a urea based concentrate (promol 80) plus saponins for cereal fed beef cattle
(Harper Adams University College, Newport, OK, Mai 2008)
Bioavailibility and antioxidant capacity of plant extracts rich in polyphenols, given as a single acute dose, in sheep made highly susceptible to lipoperoxidation
Reference: H. Juin, 2004, INRA 04/HF1/PS/0142
The trial has been performed in October 2004 during three weeks at the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA, Le Magnereau) on 180 chickens who received a standard experimental feed (ME: 3050Kcal/Kg; CP: 22%, 20ppm of Vitamin E).
Elise de CHASSINCOUR, DESS « Production animale, environnement, Hygiène et Qualité ».
V. Cheynier, ACIAR 1999.
Oxidative stress: modification of antioxidant systems and peroxidation reactions on a dairy cow in PERI-PARTUM.
(Mr Erisir et al.: “Changes in plasma malonedialdehyde concentration and some erythrocyte antioxidiant enzymes in cows with prolapsus uteri, caesarean section, and retained placenta”, veterinary medicinal review, 2006, vol.157, n°2, pp. 80-83.)
B. AUROUSSEAU. INRA, Research unity on herbivores, Theix, 63122 St Genèse Champanelle
What is a plant extract?
(Denis BELLENOT, director of Iteipmai, presentation made during the distributors meeting, February the 9th of 2007, and based on the European Pharmacopoeia).
(by LJ Mac Gaw and JN Eloff, edited by D. Katerere and D. Luseba.)
Interdisciplinary science, the veterinary ethno medicine is based on the traditional therapy of animals by medicinal plants. Indeed, saponins, flavonoids and other active molecules contained in the plant extracts demonstrated theirs interests for health and animal productions.
(Chalopin M et al, 2009. Estrogen receptor alpha as a key target of red wine polyphenols action on the endothelium, Plos One, janvier 2010, volume 5, issue 1, e8554)
Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that the risk of cardiovascular diseases is reduced with a moderate consumption of red wine.
(La Semaine vétérinaire n°1374, 2 octobre 2009, journée de formation de l’Afvac, 12/09/09)
The aromatherapy is based on the use of essential oils extracted from aromatic plants for the prevention or the treatment of physical or psychosomatic diseases.
(review Marcos H. Rostagno, 2009, U.S. Departement of Agriculture, USDA)
The dissemination of bacterial pathogens into the human food chain is a major public health and economic concern for the food industries.
Pectin consists of a complex set of polysaccharides that are present in most primary cell walls of plants. Pectin is particularly abundant in fruits and vegetables.
(Lila, 2009. Bibliography study, North Carolina State University, USA)
Plants can produce metabolites in order to assure their defences from external attacks. The active elements in plants sometimes work side by side (additively) to protect the host plant, or in other cases, interact synergistically, increasing the efficacy of each other.